What is this? From this page you can use the Social Web links to save Water Clouds to a social bookmarking site, or the E-mail form to send a link via e-mail.

Social Web


E-mail It
September 17, 2007

Water Clouds

Posted in: Gallery

Terrestrial clouds are the result of extraordinarily complex interactions between water and air, with several feedback mechanisms combining the effects of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics.1

© 2004 Sarah Robinson & Jean Hertzberg, University of Colorado
Click image to zoom2

The kind of convective clouds known as cumulus are produced by the vertical winds occurring in regions of warm moist air, according to Archimedes principle. The rapid lifting results in adiabatic expansion and cooling, and consequent accretion of water droplets. The irregular distribution of droplets scatters sunlight geometrically in all directions, producing a bright white appearance like in snow, decaying into gray shades as per their optical thickness. Each cloud is short-lived, lasting approximately 15 minutes in average.

  1. H. R. Pruppacher, J. D. Klett, “Microphysics of clouds and precipitation“, Springer (1997); R. A. Houze, “Cloud Dynamics“, Academic Press (1994) []
  2. © 2004 Sarah Robinson, Flow Visualization Course, University of Colorado []

Return to: Water Clouds